A.1 CNS patterning

A.2 Neurogenesis and gliogenesis

A.2.a Stem cells: basic biology

A.2.b Cell lineage and cell fate specification

A.2.c Neuronal differentiation

A.2.d Glial differentiation

A.2.e Adult stem cells and adult neurogenesis

A.3 Development of neural systems

A.3.a Early neuronal activity

A.3.b Assembly of neural circuits

A.3.c Molecular and genetic specification of circuits and cell types

A.3.d Cell death

A.4 Synaptogenesis and activity-dependent development

A.4.a Axon growth and guidance

A.4.b Dendrite growth and branching

A.4.c Synapse formation

A.4.d Activity-dependent growth and remodelling of synapses

A.5 Chemical signals and their receptors

A.5.a Neurotransmitters

A.5.b Neurotrophins and other growth factors

A.5.c Cytokines

A.5.d Other

A.6 Environmental factors

A.7 Transplantation and regeneration

B.1 Cell excitability

B.1.a Intrinsic membrane properties

B.1.b Action potential

B.1.c Nerve conduction

B.2 Ion channels

B.2.a Sodium channels

B.2.b Potassium channels

B.2.c Calcium channels

B.2.d Chloride channels

B.2.e TRP channels

B.2.f Other channels

B.3 Intracellular dynamics

B.3.a Signal transduction pathways

B.3.b Cytoskeleton and cell motility

B.3.c Metabolism

B.3.d Mitochondria

B.3.e RNA

B.4 Gene regulation

B.5 Epigenetic mechanisms

B.6 Cell types

B.6.a Excitatory neuronal subtypes

B.6.b Inhibitory interneuron subtypes

B.6.c Astrocytes

B.6.d Oligodendrocyte lineage subtypes

B.6.e Microglia

B.7 Myelination

C.1 Synaptic transmission

C.1.a Presynaptic structures

C.1.b Neurotransmitter release mechanism

C.1.c Postsynaptic structures

C.1.d Electrical synapses and gap junctions

C.1.e Other

C.2 Neurotransmitters and their receptors

C.2.a Glutamate

C.2.b GABA and glycine

C.2.c Acetylcholine

C.2.d Monoamines

C.2.e Nitric oxide and other gases

C.2.f Opiates

C.2.g Neuropeptides

C.2.h Purines

C.2.i Endocannabinoids

C.2.j Other

C.3 Transporters

C.3.a Glutamate

C.3.b Inhibitory transmitters

C.3.c Monoamines

C.3.d Other

C.4 Synaptic integration

C.4.a Dendritic signal processing

C.4.b Dendritic spines

C.4.c Excitation/inhibition balance

C.5 Synaptic plasticity

C.5.a Short-term plasticity

C.5.b LTP/LTD: mechanisms

C.5.c LTP/LTD: physiology and behaviour

C.5.d Homeostatic plasticity

C.5.e Structural plasticity

C.5.f Neuromodulators

C.5.g Hormonal modulation

C.5.h Other

C.6 Glia-neuron interactions

C.6.a Signalling mechanisms

C.6.b The tripartite synapse

D.1 Chemical senses

D.1.a Olfaction

D.1.b Taste

D.2 Vestibular system

D.2.a Vestibular organ

D.2.b Brainstem nuclei

D.3 Auditory system

D.3.a Inner ear

D.3.b Subcortical pathways

D.3.c Auditory cortex

D.4 Vision

D.4.a Retina

D.4.b Subcortical pathways

D.4.c Visual cortical areas

D.4.d Striate cortex

D.4.e Extrastriate cortex

D.4.f Visual cognition

D.4.g Visuomotor processing

D.5 Tactile/somatosensory system

D.5.a Peripheral receptors

D.5.b Brainstem

D.5.c Thalamus and neocortex

D.5.d Whisker system

D.6 Association cortex

D.7 Multisensory integration

D.8 Pain

D.8.a Peripheral receptors

D.8.b Spinal cord processing

D.8.c Thalamic and cortical processing

D.8.d Neuropathic pain

D.8.e Somatic, muscle and visceral

D.8.f Opioids and other analgesics

D.9 Motor neurons and muscle

D.10 Motor control

D.10.a Posture control

D.10.b Voluntary movements

D.10.c Eye movements

D.11 Cerebellum

D.12 Basal ganglia

D.13 Brain-machine interface

E.1 Human studies

E.1.a Attention

E.1.b Learning and long-term memory

E.1.c Navigation and spatial memory

E.1.d Language

E.1.e Motivation and emotion

E.1.f Working memory

E.1.g Decision making and reasoning

E.1.h Cognitive development and aging

E.1.i Social cognition

E.1.j Social behavior

E.2 Animal studies

E.2.a Attention

E.2.b Cognitive learning and memory systems

E.2.c Navigation and spatial memory

E.2.d Motivation and emotion

E.2.e Associative, non-associative, and skill learning

E.2.f Fear and aversive learning and memory

E.2.g Appetitive and incentive learning and memory

E.2.h Reward and Reinforcement

E.2.i Memory modulation, consolidation, and reconsolidation

E.2.j Decision making

E.2.k Social behavior

E.2.l Neural circuit mechanisms

E.2.m Physiology and imaging

E.2.n Pharmacology

E.3 Neuroethology

F.1 Neuroendocrine

F.1.a Cellular signalling

F.1.b Sex differences

F.1.c Behavioural neuroendocrinology

F.1.d Neuroendocrine regulation of organ function and water balance

F.2 Neuronal control of organ function

F.2.a Cardiovascular regulation

F.2.b Respiratory regulation

F.2.c Thermoregulation

F.2.d Gastrointestinal and urogenital regulation

F.2.e Others

F.3 Neuroimmunology

F.4 Stress and the brain

F.4.a HPA axis

F.4.b Autonomic nervous system and brain function and behavior

F.4.c Stress, and stress-modulated pathways

F.4.d Early life experience

F.4.e Stress and ageing

F.5 Regulation of food intake, nutrient and liquid homeostasis and body weight

F.5.a Feeding, drinking, foraging and other behaviours

F.5.b Melanocortin system and other central circuit mechanisms

F.5.c Peripheral nervous system mechanisms

F.5.d Neuronal control of energy storage and expenditure

F.6 Biological rhythms and sleep

F.6.a Clocks

F.6.b Sleep: molecular, cellular, and pharmacology

F.6.c Sleep: circuits, network activity, and behaviour

F.7 Brain vasculature

F.7.a Blood brain barrier

F.7.b Blood flow regulation

F.8 Metabolism

F.8.a Brain metabolism and neural and synaptic function

F.8.b Brain metabolism and behaviour

F.8.c Peripheral metabolism and brain function and behaviour

F.9 Microbiome and brain function

G.1 Alzheimer’s disease and other dementias

G.1.a APP and Abeta

G.1.b Tau and other pathological proteins

G.1.c Molecular and cellular mechanisms

G.1.d Cognitive function, imaging and biomarkers

G.1.e Therapeutic strategies

G.2 Parkinson’s disease

G.2.a Molecular and cellular mechanisms

G.2.b Human studies and therapies

G.2.c Animal models

G.3 Huntington’s disease

G.4 Ataxias

G.5 Motor neuron diseases

G.5.a ALS

G.5.b Motor neuron and neuromuscular diseases

G.6 Developmental disorders

G.6.a Autism spectrum disorders

G.6.b Intellectual disability

G.6.c Motor disorders

G.6.d Other

G.7 Epilepsy

G.8 Ischemia

G.8.a Cellular and molecular mechanisms

G.8.b Inflammation, neuroprotection and tolerance

G.9 Demyelinating disorders

G.10 Trauma

G.10.a Brain

G.10.b Spinal cord injury and regeneration

G.10.c Peripheral nerve

G.11 Neuro-oncology

G.12 Neurotoxicity, inflammation, and neuroprotection

G.13 Psychiatric disorders

G.13.a Schizophrenia

G.13.b Affective disorders

G.13.c Anxiety disorders

G.13.d Addiction and drugs of abuse

G.13.e Aggression

G.13.f Other

H.1 Neural circuit motifs

H.1.a Recurrent excitation

H.1.b Feedforward/feedback inhibition

H.1.c Disinhibition

H.1.d Lateral inhibition

H.1.d Other

H.2 Population coding

H.2.a Stimulus representation

H.2.b State space trajectories

H.2.c Neural attractors

H.2.d Long-range interactions

H.3 Oscillations

H.3.a Rhythm and pattern generating circuits

H.3.b High-frequency oscillations

H.3.c Slow oscillations

H.3.d EEG recordings

H.3.e Other

H.4 Synchronization

H.4.a Coincidence detection

H.4.b Binding through synchrony

I.1 Single-cell modeling

I.2 Neural network models

I.3 Development, axonal patterning, and guidance

I.4 Brain connectivity

I.5 Sensorimotor control

I.6 Learning and memory

I.7 Decision making

I.8 Consciousness

I.9 Computational clinical neuroscience

I.10 Neuro-robotics

J.1 Molecular and genetic techniques

J.2 Anatomy

J.2.a Staining methods

J.2.b Tracing methods

J.2.c Connectomics

J.2.d Other

J.3 Electrophysiology

J.3.a Single- and multi-electrode recordings

J.3.b Multi-electrode arrays and silicon probes

J.3.c Neuron-chip interfaces

J.3.d EEG

J.3.e Other

J.4 Imaging methods

J.4.a fMRI and PET

J.4.b MR spectroscopy

J.4.c Ultrasound

J.4.d Molecular probes

J.4.e Light microscopy

J.4.f  Electron microscopy

J.4.g Other

J.5 Intervention methods

J.5.a Electrical stimulation

J.5.b Pharmacology

J.5.c Optogenetics and chemogenetics

J.5.d Nanoparticles

J.5.e TMS and tDCS

J.5.f Other

J.6 Neuromorphic engineering

J.7 Animal behaviour

J.8 Data analysis and software tools

K.1 History of neuroscience

K.2 Ethical issues

K.3 Public outreach